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The Oxi Day

Those Greeks who know the Past and keep Christian faith, freedom, and independence as the most precious values, still commemorate the Oxi Day – October 28, 1940: the day, when Greece rejected Fascism as ideology incompatible with ChristianityΣ1. The determination to live by freedom and to die for freedom, not to accept the yoke of slavery and idol–worship, which Fascism and Nazism impose upon their followers, was inspired by the Christian teachings – words of Lord Jesus Christ Who redeemed His people from slavery to sin and fear of death: by the words of life that, during the centuries, the Greek Christian priests conveyed to the Greek Christians – children of God.

As the Great Schism in its time, the Oxi Day also reveals the irreconcilable separation of the Christians, who rejected Fascism and Nazism, from the papal subjects – the Catholics, who embraced Fascism and Nazism as their very own offspringΣ2.

So, the history…

Shortly after beginning of the World War II, Benito Mussolini released in circulation the maps, in which Greece was shown as a part of the “Italian Empire.” When the government of Greece appealed to the Nazi government in Berlin in an attempt to restrain the appetites of Mussolini, Adolf Hitler answered with the order: Greece must submit herself to Italy. Joannes Metaxas (1871–1941), Premier Minister of Greece, interpreted the demands of Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy precisely: Greece was expected to become a voluntary slave [Bitzes 66–69, 79].

Yet, for the Greeks, it was impossible to accept voluntary slavery: Greece could not submit herself to Fascist Italy, substitute the idol–worship for Christianity, and participate in the crimes against humanity committed by the Fascists and Nazis –– there are things more dreadful than physical death.

So, submission to Fascist Italy was rejected. The “Oxi Day” – October 28, 1940, the day, when Greece disdained Fascism as ideology incompatible with Christianity, entered the history of Greece. In the same day, Greece became the target for Fascist–Nazi occupation.

Subsequently, as the result of her loyalty to the Christian Orthodox Faith – the foundation of the main human ideals and virtues of the Greek Christians, Greece suffered invasion of Fascist Italy (1940) with the consequent occupation by Nazi Germany (April 6, 1941– October, 1944).

Although it was no chance to win the war against the superior military forces of Italy and Germany, the Greek Christian Orthodox Church encouraged the Greek Christians to follow the greatest ideals of freedom and human dignity. His Eminence Chrysanthos, the Archbishop of Greece, blessed the Greek army to fight for “freedom and honor” and to prefer the “noble death to the ugly life of servitude” [Chrysanthos, the Archbishop of Greece, ref. and qtd. in: Bitzes 78–79].

Hence, the people of Greece made their choice: they passed the same old test, which separates the children of God from the slaves of the evil and enemies of God.

In fact, the way of Christian Greece and actions of the Archbishop – the chief priest of the Greek Christian Orthodox Church – had been determined many centuries ago: God Himself is the strength of those who are invincible in spirit, and their faith is the victory that overcomes the world {Habakkuk 3:18–19; 1 John 5:4–5}.

Greece had paid dearly for her devotion to Christianity and love for independence and freedom. Even before beginning of war, the Hitler’s headquarters appointed special groups for appropriation and transportation of the plundered resources of the occupied territories into Germany; distribution of these resources among Germany and its allies was also determined by the special directive. After invasion, Nazi Germany began planned destruction of Greece: the Greek Christian Orthodox Church and her schools and academies became the first target of the aggressors. The “especially valuable” material resources of the country were taken by Germany, and the remainder was given to Italy and Bulgaria [e.g., in: Fuehrer Directives… Nr. 37/39 VI.II.b, 44545/41 §7 1:22, 1:171].

As the result of unprecedented predatory plunder by the Germans, in January 1942, Greece suffered the worst famine in her history [[similarly to Ukraine in 1930s, when Stalin organized the worst famine in the history of Ukraine with the purpose to terminate the population that opposed to Communism [Trager 817] and similarly to Nazi planΣ3 to exterminate unwanted population of the Eastern Europe by starvation [1]]].

During the Nazi occupation, Greece lost almost 1/5 of her population; 85% of survived children became infected with tuberculosis; more than 50% of national wealth vanished; the infrastructure was completely destroyed [Bitzes 165; Greece: A Summary 1, 2].

After the Allies defeated the Nazi Germany and the Greeks cleansed their land from the Fascist–Nazi murderers and thieves, Greece took the stand against Communism.

Analyzing the reasons, why Greece after World War II did not accept Communism, John G. Bitzes noticed that the Greeks had love of freedom, individualistic thinking, and the Greek Orthodox Church – all three “incompatible with Communism” [Bitzes 166].

All the mentioned Greek treasures had the mutual foundation: during many centuries the Christian Orthodox Faith was protecting the Greek Christians from submission to the papacy, as well as, in the recent Past, shielded them from the plagues of Fascism, Nazism, Communism, and other lethal diseases of the mind.

The referred above event from the history of Greece and the Greek Christian Orthodox Church illustrates the implication (and the results) of the uncompromising conscience sustained by the Christian faithΣ4; it clarifies

the general attitude of the ChristiansΣ5 toward the ideologies and parties pursuing the purposes, which contradict the Christian teachings

one of the indispensable roles of the Christian Church [[this role in fact, defines the difference between the Christian Church and secular establishment, which pretends to be a church]]: the Christian Church is a keeper of the Christian faith, which nurtures the independent thinking, sustains the purity of conscience, and treats intentional infliction of evil and suffering onto the others as the deadly sinΣ6.

Greece is different country now: she became a part of the EU headed by Germany; she has legal Communist party, which was banned in 1948, and came from underground only in 1974, after restoration of parliamentary democracy. The current Premier Minister of Greece, Alexis Tsirpas is a “self–described atheist.” He was a member of “Communist Youth of Greece” (Marxist–Leninist version); since 2009, he is a leader of left–wing radical Syriza party – formed as the coalition of Communist, socialist, revolutionary socialist, international Marxist, environmentalist, Marxist–Leninist, Trotskyist, anti–capitalist, and other left movements [2].

Manifest beginning of demise of Greece may be traced to the establishment of PASOK – Panhellenic Socialist Movement: a democratic socialist and Left–wing nationalist party, established in 1974 by a socialist [3].

In general, the one who studied history, could envision socialism as the threshold into the Dante’s inferno: there is no hope of salvation left to the one who enters; the only way is the way down, into the deepest circles of death and suffering labeled as

either

the Left Marxism/Communism

or

the Right Fascism/Nazism

The way of Greece was into the Left.

So, after gaining the power, PASOK removed anti–communist restrictions. PASOK was the ruling party before and during Greek debt crisis. The many held PASOK responsible for the chain of financial crises, which hit Greece in 2007–2009 [4], and for implementation of the austerity measures; consequently, in 2011, 76% of poll had negative opinion of government headed by PASOK [3].

Indeed, with the traditional for socialists attachment to lies and deceit and hostility to capitalism and economics, the socialist government wasted funds, used fraudulent statistics, and was not able even to count the government debt properly [4]; it is rightly held responsible for the humanitarian crisis of 2009.

Hence, socialists failed, and therefore, pushed Greece into the hands of Communist/Marxist/radical Syriza, which promised to annul austerity measures and to lead Greece to economic prosperity. After socialists’ failure, the people chose to believe the Communists/Marxists/left radicals; consequently, Syriza [2] won the elections.

However, after taking the power over Greece, Syriza did not keep its promises. Anti–austerities measures were fully implemented according to Germany’s order, and free press was suppressed and silenced [5]. Moreover, during highly unpopular austerity measures (such as cut of wages and pensions, rise of taxes, even on coffee, and cut of spending on Greek citizens), left government used state (taxpayers) funds to build mosque in Athens, although the vast majority (more than 90%) of Greeks still identified themselves as the Orthodox Christians [6]. Moreover, in spite of promises given during election campaign to support the impoverished people, Syriza–Tsirpas government cut pensions instead of imposing taxes on wealthy ship–owners [7], although taxes on poorest households increased as much as 337% [4].

Hence, as all socialist–Marxist–Communist–radical parties, Syriza used lies and deceit to obtain power over the people.

After winning the election, Mr. Tsirpas – Communist/Marxist/radical left politician – rejected the national tradition to be sworn in by the leader of Greek Orthodox Church, Archbishop of Athens and All Greece. So the Greek Archbishop even did not accept invitation to presidential palace to be present during Mr. Tsipas the Syriza leader’s swearing in ceremony [8]: the headed by Mr. Tsirpas government began its work without blessing of the Christian Church.

Then, the Syriza left–wing government began to seek how to reduce influence of the Greek Orthodox Church onto the Greek society, so the Greeks would become similar to European godless nations, which aspire to completely eradicate Christianity.

However, Mr. Tsipas’ government established contacts between Greek radical left and papal Church of Rome: during his visit in Vatican, Mr. Tsipas has found “like–minded” understanding with the Roman pope known by his sympathy to Marxism, global left, and pursuit of One World Religion [9].

Choice of Communist–Marxist–left radical party as the basis of government of Greece, expectations of reparation from Germany for forced loans and destruction and plunder of Greece by Nazi Germany during world war II [10] [[although after entering the EU, Greece received massive financial transfers from richest EU nations [11], and in violations of EU rules, spent these money on welfare programs to secure people’s votes]], following debt crisis, austerity measures, and inner processes of corruption of the Greek society [12], which are inseparable companions of Marxism and similar ideologies, as well as global “ideals” of European Union, led not only to financial ruin. In 2010, Greece was ranked as the most corrupt country in the EU [4]. Violence and crimes became the inseparable part of life; quality of education degenerated, poverty because of unemployment, high living costs, and exorbitant taxes were the lot of the many [5; 12]. Also, the moral climate of the Greek society continued to deteriorate. For instance, currently, Greek government considers introducing an “assisted suicide” bill, which is not compatible with Christian faith and morality [13]. Furthermore, although world war II was ended seventy–two years ago, many Greek soldiers killed in Albania still did not received the proper burial [14].

Greece has changed.

Perhaps, one of the reasons of Greece’s change is that the people disregarded the recent history: they do not acknowledge that Greece entered the death spiral similar to which that pre–1917 Russian Empire had. Perhaps they did not know or simply forgot that, for the pre–1917 Russia, the point–of–no–return was reached when Bolshevist propaganda smeared Christian faith referring to it as to the “opium of nation,” slandered the Russian Orthodox Church, Christian clergy and Christians presenting them as “enemies of people,” and promoted liberation from morality and the freedom of sexual corruption as the only freedoms that people should seek and have, while promising good life in accordance with the highest ideals of “freedom, equality, and brotherhood.” Only because the people were deceived by the Bolshevist propaganda, so they allowed to lead themselves from God and out of the Church, rejected the law of God, accepted Marxism–Bolshevism as guidance to normal human life, and subsequently, were left without guidance of God, the Russian history includes

atrocities of Bolshevist revolution and civil war between those who accepted Marxism–Bolshevism and those who remained loyal to previous regime

mass executions of religious, educated, and wealthy people

extermination of the entire aristocratic–military stratum

suppression of freedom of conscience, freedom of religion, freedom of thinking, freedom of access to knowledge

inferno of Gulag, institute of informants and total surveillance, purges, imprisonment for any public or even personal disagreement with official ideology

mandatory Marxist–atheist education, Marxist–atheist–materialist sciences

transformation of the pre–1917 Russian Empire into the godless Bolshevist prison of nations living by personality cults and lies of Marxism–Bolshevism–Leninism–Stalinism–Communism.

Greece under leadership of Marxist /Communists/radical leftists already started the downfall similar to the tragic history of the pre–1917 Russian Empire.

Furthermore, in compliance with the Marxist traditions to seek global power and to advance Marxist “ideals” unto other nations and states, Greek Communists–Marxists–radicals seek to influence other nations.

For instance, in 2014, current Greek Premier Minister, Mr. Tsipras run for president of the European Union’s commission as the candidate of the European left – unsuccessfully, but he may try again [15]. So, Mr. Varoufakis member of Syriza, Greek–Australian economist and former Finance Minister of Greece, in his new book, exposes Syriza leader Mr. Tsirpas and his Syriza “comrades” for Greece’s downfall and imposing capital controls [16].

At the same time, Mr. Varoufakis is pursuing transformation of the European Union into the Marxist establishment by reinvigorating old misconception, which unifies heathen political–social utopias devised by Plato the Orphic and his follower Aristotle with democratic “ideals.” Through his political organization DiEM25 [17], he attempts to influence the EU government and media even by supporting power–hungry politicians with dictatorial aspirations [18].

However, seemingly, the current Marxist–Communist–left radical Greek politicians

do not discern the actual purposes of the EU leaders, for instance, such as transformation of the EU into the global dictatorship, behind the verbal play with democratic slogans stemming from “ancient Greek democracy” and promising “restoration of democracy” along with “sovereignty” in the EU [19]

do believe that they will be able to overwhelm dictatorial aspirations and pursuit of global power by the EU “elite” (led by Germany and Vatican) with their worn out anti–capitalism, misleading promises of Marxist “common good,” esp., because of distribution of wealth among population through “dividends” and social benefits, and other “innovations” [17] based on Marxist “ideals” that provided the foundation of the totalitarian regimes of the twentieth century and the current political systems, such as Venezuela, North Korea, and China.

Now, the New Democracy Parliamentary Group (liberal conservatives) of Greece is demanding elimination of Syriza Marxist/radical left government, so, Greece would become “a normal country” [20]. The only hope is that they will find the people who interpret the meaning of “normal life” as the life according to the law of God, and therefore, will be capable of restoring the society to the normal – guided by God – life.

Until normalization, if any, the current position of the Greek left radical government do not sustain expectation of noticeable and candid celebration of the Oxi Day – the day, when the Greeks have chosen freedom of Christianity.

Nevertheless, perhaps at least some of the free and independent Greeks dispersed over the world will commemorate the Oxi Day, as well as the price, which our noble ancestors have paid for loyalty to God and for rejection of Fascism on the 28th of October, 1940…

Post for October 28, 2017

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Notes:

Σ1 See CHRISTIANITY

Σ2 See Notes 503 and 504 to Selections_&_Reprints

To download file Works of Friedrich Nietzsche, Fascism, and Nazism. Ideology (reprint from my book The Invincible Empire, Chapter 8), click HERE

Σ3 According to Reichsfuhrer–SS and Head of the German Police, Heinrich Himmler (a speech on the Wewelsburg, 1941), thirty millions of the Slavs in the East European and Russian, Belorussian, and Ukrainian territories was expected to be eliminated by starvation and hunger. Then, in accordance with General Plan for the East (1941) entire territory of Poland, Czechoslovakia and the European part of the Soviet Union up to Ural–Baku had to be cleared out of native population by resettlement and extermination from 30 to 50 million, including up to 85% of the Poles, 75% of the Belorussians, 65% of Ukrainians, and from five to six millions of the East European Jews; the freed lands had to be transformed into German settlement areas [1]. These plans were known and their execution was eagerly expected by the Germans.

Σ4 According to the Christian teachings, faith is life: the life–bearing knowledge of God and the unity of the acquired knowledge with the manner of life; the just one lives by faith {Habakkuk 2:4; Luke 7:50; 1 Peter 1:9; James 2:14–26}.

St. Paul the Apostle defines faith as the substance of all expectations and the evidence of the unseen {Hebrews 11:1}; those who have faith see the unseen and eternal {2 Corinthians 4:13–18}.

Faith is the optimal state of reason; otherwise Lord God would not seek it in His creations {in: Luke 18:8; John 9:35–39; 11:25–26}. The Holy Scriptures provide the comprehensive definition of faith: all knowledge, all treasures of wisdom, all fullness of life, all power, and all authority are in Lord God Jesus Christ – He is της πιστεως Αρχηγον και Tελειωτην – the Author/Chief of faith and the One Who completes, makes perfect, consummates faith {Matthew 8:5–13; 9:20–22; 14:29–31,36; 17:20; 21:22; Mark 9:23; 11:24–26; Luke 5:20; 8:49–50; 17:6; John 3:16, 36; 14:12; 15:4–7; 1 John 2:20–21, 27; 5:12; 1 Corinthians 13:2, 9–13; 2 Corinthians 5:7; Hebrews 11:1, 32–34; 12:2; Romans 14:23}.

Through faith, the mind learns love and knowledge of God – the knowledge that is the eternal life {John 17:3}.

In other words, faith is the state of cognizance/knowing God, love to God, living by God, and unity with God. Faith gives comprehension of the essence of all events that compose life of the soul–heart–mind. It might be also said that faith defines process of human evolution, because faith allows obtaining completeness of knowledge of the Word–God and prepares for the eternity with God {in: John 6:27–29, 44–48; 8:31–32,34–36; 14; 15; 16; 17; 2 Peter 1:1–11}. The Holy Scriptures provide the simple and detail instructions for all who have faith in God.

See

Concept of Faith – in Supplement 2 to Selections_&_Reprints

The Thomas’ Sunday and The Establishment of Faith – in

Selections_&_Reprints. Part 1.

Σ5 The Christians are the small group of the ones who know and worship the Triune God, the only One True God, and who live, or at least attempt to live, by His commandments/law – by love and mercy to the others. Presently, some of them are identified as the Orthodox Christians: they have accepted the original Christian Teachings given by the Word–God – Lord God Jesus Christ, and they keep the traditions established by the Apostles of Lord God Jesus Christ.

Hence, the Christians are the ones who

accept The Ten Commandments and commandments of Lord Jesus Christ as the law of God the Creator {Matthew 5:17–20, 21–48; 6; 7; 19:16–26; 22:36–40; Mark 12:29–34; Luke 10:27–37; John 13:34–35; 15:12, 17; Exodus 20:1–17}

believe in Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, the Word–God Who gives knowledge that is the everlasting life {John 3:16–21, 31–36; 6:28–58, 63–69; 11:25–26; 17:3, 6–26}

live by the words–commandments–law of God and accept the Word–God and His words as the Absolute Truth {John 14; 15; 16; 17}

worship the Triune God, the only One True God in Spirit and Truth {John 4:23–24; 10:30; 12:44–50; 14:6–28; 15; 16; 17}

love Lord Jesus Christ and accomplish the will of God by observing His commandments–words–law and embodying them into own daily life {Matthew 7:21–23; John 14:15–17, 23–24}

confess the Christian faith according to The Nicean Creed, which defines the essence of the monotheist Christian religion; it was composed in 325, by The First Ecumenical Council of Nicea:

The Nicean Creed

I believe in one God, the Father, Almighty, Creator of Heaven and earth, and of all things visible and invisible.

And in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only begotten Son of God, begotten of the Father before all ages.

Light of light, true God of true God, begotten not created, of one essence with the Father, through Whom all things were made.

For us and for our salvation, He came down from heaven and was incarnated by the Holy Spirit and the Virgin Mary and became man.

Crucified for us under Pontius Pilate, and He suffered and was buried, and on the third day He rose according to the Scriptures.

He ascended into heaven and is seated at the right hand of the Father.

And He will come again in glory to judge the living and the dead. His kingdom will have no end.

And in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the Giver of life, Who proceeds from the Father,

Who together with the Father and the Son is worshiped and glorified, Who spoke through the prophets.

In one, holy, catholic, and apostolic Church.

I acknowledge one baptism for the remission of sins.

I expect the resurrection of the dead. And the life of the age to come, Amen.”

See

CHRISTIANITY – Supplement 1 to Selections_&_Reprints

Σ6 Sin is a violation of the law of God {1 John 3:4}: the lawlessness, the failure to achieve the purposes, an inability to create the good that is to fulfill the Law/will of God; thus, sin is an inability to accomplish the mission of man.

In Greek, sin is αμαρτια – missing the mark, inability to get something needed or desirable or proper.

Any violation of the law of God by thought, by words, or by actions is a perversion of the human nature [[e.g., idol–worship, assassination, adultery]], therefore, the crime against God, own nature, and other human beings. The law of God is the essence of the human mind–heart; thus, sin as ανομια – lawlessness, iniquity, illegality, wickedness – is anomaly or perversion inconsistent with the human nature: the one who is able to intentionally commit sin is not of God {1 John 3:8–10}.

Consequently, the sinner’s own mind becomes his judge and executor: violation of the Law of God initiates the disorder or illness (mental or physical), which leads to degeneration, further perversion, impairment and collapse of the immune system, abnormal offspring, premature death.

The mind of a sinner, who violated the Law by the actions/words/thoughts inconsistent with the human nature, triggers off the abnormal mutation, which may result not only in lethal illness of the sinner himself: it may be transferred to his children. This simple link is known since revelation of the law [[The Ten Commandments]] accompanied with Moses’ warning to his tribesmen concerning life–blessing to those who live according to the law of God and curse–death for those who disregard the law of God. Only mercy and all–embracing Perfect Love of God annihilates sin/evil and restores heath of the sinner {Exodus 34:6–7; Deuteronomy 30:11–20; also cf. in: John 9:1–41; 1 Peter 2:1–10; 1 John 2; 3; 4; 5}, if he comes to understanding the he has committed sin, repents, and turns to God asking for forgiveness and healing. If unacknowledged, forgiven not, and unhealed, sin multiplies and the measures of the evil are filled by each consequent generation until the καιρος of the reality, in which the sinner lives, or which he has created and filled with his sin, comes before God {e.g., see: Isaiah 6:8–13; Matthew 13:10–16; 24; Mark 4:11–12; John 12:37–43; Genesis 6:12–14; 15:13–16}.

Sin also might be envisioned as the conditions of life, which make thoughts, words, and actions sinful [[or, from another angle of consideration, insufficient – giving no chance to achieve perfection, which is achievable only if a human being evolves according to the human nature: by accomplishing the law of God]] that is committed in unrighteousness, immorality, with evil intentions.

For instance,

in the terms of immorality, sin signifies intentional disregard of knowledge of the virtues [[e.g., for media spreading corruption, perversion, and violence, which are inconsistent with the law of God]]

in the terms of evil intentions, sin is any act –– whichever justification their originators assert and in the name of whichever deity they commit it –– leading to detriment, deprivation, and injury of any kind, which could result in depriving of the others of well–being, possessions, good repute, life.

Everything and anything that contains the seed of the evil, for instance, false assumption, becomes the evil and leads to the evil by making someone to sin.

Sin also might be identified as an illusion of own righteousness, self–identification as the one above the laws of men, indifference to the others and disregard of their needs and misery – physical or spiritual, and self–ascribing possession of abilities to achieve the purposes when there are none.

The thoughts, words, and actions are sinful, if they are not originated by love to God, because of love to the others, and upon knowledge of God; then, they are lawlessness, and the one who creates–does them either has no knowledge of the law or disregards the law. Hence, the one who has such illusions is a dreamer [[e.g. as dreamers in Jude 8: ενυπνιαζομενοι – the ones giving the power of life to the dream/spirit of night]], the one with the dreaming mind that creates phantasm and fantasies – figments of imagination, and lives by them.

For instance, the dreamer assumes that he is rich and powerful while he is poor and weak {e.g., in: Revelation 3:14–21}; he assumes that he would be able to survive, to live in prosperity and abundance, and to accomplish his purposes without observance of the law of God within the universe that was created according to the law/will of God.

Such assumptions are illusion, dreams, figments of imagination. Their creator and their consumers are sinners who operate with false knowledge, live by non–existing artificial worlds, and therefore, fail to achieve the purposes, which determine the meaning of human existence.

In other words, a sinner escapes into the imaginary world because either of his ignorance or of his unwillingness to accept the responsibilities before God and before His creations.

Ignorance of the mind makes the one insufficient that is capable of sin: insufficient knowledge, deprivation of the truth and insufficient love [[as well as open hatred]] to the others are the roots of sin [[sin is any evil thought, word, action]].

Lord God Jesus Christ {John 8:31–36} equated sinners to slaves:

everyone doing sin is a slave of sin

{John 8:34}

Hence, according to the words of God {in: John 8:31–47}, those accustomed to sin are the slaves of sin: the ones who live by the evil, who do the works of the evil, and who are controlled by the evil, because, within their mind, they do not have place for the words of God [[see Concept of Slavery – Supplement 3, and Slaveryreprint in Note 26 to Selections_&_Reprints]].

Sin is a disease of the soul, which wastes soundness of body; only after man acknowledges his sins before God (that is after he comprehended the reasons of his failure and imperfection), he receives forgiveness, and then, he might be cured {Psalm 31(32):3–7; Luke 5:17–26, 30–32}.

Furthermore, the sins of our ancestors, for which forgiveness of God was not sought, as well as our own sins {Genesis 3:1–14; Exodus 34:6–7; Psalm 105(106):6} are the reasons of our misery: we eat the spoiled fruits, grown by all those who lived before us, as well as those, which we ourselves have brought upon the earth.

The Greek theologians considered sin as a state of the freely chosen death – death of the soul, which rejected God: although the soul is immortal, without God it does not have life, because if it does not live in God, it dwells in death [St. Maximus the Confessor 34 in: The Philokalia 2:244; St. Gregory Palamas §8 in: The Philokalia 4:295].

In general, the one might comprehend the essence of sin as the failure to create or to cognize good.

Sin also is

making––giving place to––assuming––doing the evil

instead of creating––doing the good

Everything and anything that contains the seed of the evil, for instance, false assumption, becomes evil and leads to evil: makes someone to sin.

Post for October 28, 2017

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References:

Books:

Bitzes, John G. Greece in World War II to April 1941. 1982. Manhattan, Kansas: Sunflower UP, 1989.

Fuehrer Directives, and Other Top–Level Directives of the German Armed Forces. Washington, D.C., 1948. 2 vols.

Greece: A Summary of Background Information. Prepared by the Office of Public Affairs U.S. Department of State. March, 1947.

Trager, James. The People’s Chronology: A Year–by–Year Record of Human Events from Prehistory to the Present. Rev. ed. A Henry Holt Reference Book. New York: Henry Holt, 1992.

Web:

[1]

Documents on German Occupation and Starvation Policies in the USSR, transcribed from the catalogue of the current exhibition Verbrechen der Wehrmacht 1941–1945 Dimensionen des Vernichtungskrieges. Protocol of a meeting of the secretaries of state on 2.5.1941

Source: International Military Tribunal, Nuremberg 1948, Volume 31, page 84

Roberto Re: Hunger Plan Documents #1. Excerpt from: Christian Gerlach, Kalkulierte Morde, pages 51 and following

The Annihilation of Superfluous Eaters: Nazi Plans for and Uses of Famine in Eastern Europe. By Steven R. Welch

[http://rodohforum.yuku.com/topic/2515; elsinore.cis.yale.edu/gsp…ihila.do]

World War II. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II]

[2]

Alexis Tsirpas. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexis_Tsipras]

Syriza. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syriza]

List of political parties in Greece. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_political_parties_in_Greece]

Communist Party of Greece. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communist_Party_of_Greece]

Violent clashes and strikes paralyse Greece. By Emma Alberici. June 29, 2011 08:12:00

[http://www.abc.net.au/am/content/2011/s3256074.htm]

Syriza Win in Greek Election Sets Up New Europe Clash. Leftists Led by Alexis Tsipras Sweep to Power in Rebellion Against Austerity. Leftist Syriza Party Wins Greece Election. The Syriza party leader has promised to end the austerity that sent the country into an economic tailspin without causing any “catastrophic break” with Europe. By Charles Forelle, Nektaria Stamouli and Alkman Granitsas. Jan. 26, 2015

[https://www.wsj.com/articles/syriza-win-in-greek-election-sets-up-new-europe-clash-1422168982]

[3]

PASOK. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PASOK]

[4]

Greek government-debt crisis. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greek_government-debt_crisis]

[5]

Greeks Reject Bailout Terms in Rebuff to European Leaders. By Suzanne Daley. July 5, 2015

[http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/06/world/europe/greek-referendum-debt-crisis-vote.html?_r=0 ]

Germany won’t spare Greek pain – it has an interest in breaking us. By Yanis Varoufakis, former Greek finance minister. 10 July 2015

[http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/jul/10/germany-greek-pain-debt-relief-grexit]

The Denials That Trapped Greece. By LANDON THOMAS Jr. and STEPHEN CASTLE. November 5, 2011

[http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/06/business/global/europes-two-years-of-denials-trapped-greece.html?_r=1&pagewanted=all]

Greece’s Parliament Approves Prime Minister’s Bailout Plan [add. Austerities measures] By LIZ ALDERMAN and ANDREW HIGGINS. July 10, 2015

[http://www.nytimes.com/2015/07/11/world/europe/greece-struggles-to-rally-support-for-its-proposals.html?_r=0]

Greek debt crisis: Journos who criticised Syriza probed by government agencies. By Karl Mathiesen. July 9, 2015.

[http://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/world/greek-debt-crisis-journalists-who-criticised-syriza-investigated-by-government-agencies-20150709-gi84l1.html

Alexis Tsirpas. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexis_Tsipras]

[6]

First mosque to open in Athens following 180 [years] ban. August 22nd, 2016

[http://www.albawaba.com/news/first-mosque-open-athens-following-180-ban-875636]

Greek Police Clear Anti-Mosque Demonstrators as Golden Dawn Vows to Fight On. The construction of a mosque in Athens has become a rallying point for the far-right party as it seeks to capitalize on the migration crisis to regain its momentum. By Stelios Bouras. Nov. 4, 2016

[https://www.wsj.com/articles/greek-police-clear-anti-mosque-demonstrators-as-golden-dawn-vows-to-fight-on-1478286861]

Alexis Tsirpas. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexis_Tsipras]

Greece. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greece]

[7]

Don’t blame others for your problems, Schaeuble tells Greece in Skai TV interview. 25.10.2017

[http://www.ekathimerini.com/222714/article/ekathimerini/news/dont-blame-others-for-your-problems-schaeuble-tells-greece-in-skai-tv-interview]

[8]

Tsipras explanation to Archbishop over lack of religious oath of office. Author: newsroom. Jan, 26 2015

[http://en.protothema.gr/alexis-tsipras-met-with-archbishop-ieronymos/]

Alexis Tsirpas. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexis_Tsipras]

In Greece, church’s tangled ties with government raise questions. By Michael Birnbaum. May 30, 2012.

[http://www.washingtonpost.com/world/europe/in-greece-churchs-tangled-ties-with-government-raise-questions/2012/05/30/gJQAFySG1U]

[9]

Pope Francis the ‘pontiff of the poor’, says Greece’s Alexis Tsipras. Leftist opposition leader says he and Francis saw eye-to-eye on banks, profits and ‘pan-human values’ during Vatican talks. By Helena Smith. 18 September 2014 [https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/sep/18/pope-francis-alexis-tsipras-vatican]

Shock As Pope Francis Defends Communist Liberation Theology, Says It Was ‘Good For Latin America.’ By Geoffrey Grider. January 28, 2017

http://www.nowtheendbegins.com/pope-francis-defends-liberation-theology-says-good-latin-america/

Pope praises Marxist Communists, criticises youth who love Latin Mass. By Deacon Nick Donnelly. Holy See. Nov 12, 2016.

http://ewtn.co.uk/news/latest/pope-praises-marxist-communists-criticises-youth-who-love-latin-mass

In New York, Pope Francis Embraced Chrislam And Laid A Foundation For A One World Religion. By Michael Snyder. September 27, 2015

http://endoftheamericandream.com/archives/in-new-york-pope-francis-embraced-chrislam-and-laid-a-foundation-for-a-one-world-religion

http://understandthetimes.org/inthenews/988_owr.shtml

http://abcnews.go.com/US/read-pope-francis-yorks-st-patricks-cathedral/story?id=34023376

The Pope’s Push for a One-World Religion. By Mike Gendron.

http://www.reachingcatholics.org/pope.html

Pope Francis Makes Proclamation For a One World Religion. By Kelly Sloan.

http://www.trunews.com/pope-francis-calls-for-one-world-religion/

Pope Urges Forming New World Economic Order to Work for the ‘Common Good.’ By RACHEL DONADIO and LAURIE GOODSTEIN. July 7, 2009

http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/08/world/europe/08pope.html?_r=1&scp=7&sq=pope&st=cse

How Pope Francis Became the Leader of the Global Left. By Francis X. Rocca. Dec. 22, 2016

http://www.wsj.com/articles/how-pope-francis-became-the-leader-of-the-global-left-1482431940

[10]

World War II. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II]

World War II Reparations. [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II_reparations]

Who still owes what for the two World Wars? By Alexandra Gibbs. 19 March 2015. CNBC.com.

[https://www.cnbc.com/2015/03/18/who-still-owes-what-for-the-two-world-wars.html]

Greece Seeks to Make War Reparations Part of Debt Debate. Germany Rejects New Greek Government’s Call for Billions of Euros in WWII Reparations. By Matthew Karnitschnig. Feb. 11, 2015 [http://www.wsj.com/articles/greece-seeks-to-make-war-reparations-part-of-debt-debate-1423696106]

Nazi Extortion Study Sheds New Light on Forced Greek Loans. By Manfred Ertel, Katrin Kuntz and Walter Mayr. March 21, 2015

[http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/greek-study-provides-evidence-of-forced-loans-to-nazis-a-1024762.html]

[11]

The Threat to Greek Democracy. By E. Wayne Merry. July 23, 2012.

[http://nationalinterest.org/commentary/the-threat-greek-democracy-7229]

‘Strong Moralizing’ A Legal Look at Greek Reparations Demands. Athens has demanded that Germany pay Greece billions in World War II reparations. Berlin, though, has ignored the requests. International law professor Frank Schorkopf says that Germany has already fulfilled its obligations through wealth transfers.’ Interview by Dietmar Hipp. March 13, 2015 [http://www.spiegel.de/international/germany/are-greek-world-war-ii-reparations-demands-unfair-a-1023474.html]

[12]

Greek fire: lost principles, lost control: ‘The violent confrontations between police and protestors in Greece reflects a malaise of ideas as well of governance.‘ By Takis Michas. 15 dec 2008. [http://www.opendemocracy.net/article/greek-fire-lost-principles-lost-control]

ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION AND ORGANIZED CRIME IN GREECE. By JOHN M. NOMIKOS (Director – Research Institute for European and American Studies [RIEAS] and Chairman – Mediterranean Council of Intelligence Studies (MCIS). Research Paper No. 144, August 2010. Athens, Greece [http://www.rieas.gr]

Anarchist attacks on the rise in Greece: ‘New generation of terrorists’ strike banks, private business. By Iason Athanasiadis THE WASHINGTON TIMES.

May 25, 2009 [http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2009/may/25/anarchist-attacks-on-the-rise/]

Violent clashes and strikes paralyse Greece. By Emma Alberici. June 29, 2011

[http://www.abc.net.au/am/content/2011/s3256074.htm]

Europe-Debt-Crisis-Greece. Q&A: Repercussions of the Greek Crisis. 8th March 2015

[http://www.khilafah.com/qaa-repercussions-of-the-greek-crisis/]

Crumbling establishment. By ALEXIS PAPACHELAS. 04.09.2016

[http://www.ekathimerini.com/211727/opinion/ekathimerini/comment/crumbling-establishment]

Downtown Athens abandoned to its fate. COMMENT 05.09.2016

[http://www.ekathimerini.com/211702/opinion/ekathimerini/comment/downtown-athens-abandoned-to-its-fate]

Greek universities slip in global rankings. NEWS 05.09.2016

[http://www.ekathimerini.com/211766/article/ekathimerini/news/greek-universities-slip-in-global-rankings]

Athens on edge over migrants as Berlin pushes for returns amid backlash. NEWS 05.09.2016

[http://www.ekathimerini.com/211769/article/ekathimerini/news/athens-on-edge-over-migrants-as-berlin-pushes-for-returns-amid-backlash]

Exorbitant taxes, meager benefits. COMMENT 03.09.2016

[http://www.ekathimerini.com/211713/opinion/ekathimerini/comment/exorbitant-taxes-meager-benefits]

High living costs, low pensions. COMMENT 02.09.2016

[http://www.ekathimerini.com/211678/opinion/ekathimerini/comment/high-living-costs-low-pensions]

The seduction of selective justice. By Nikos Konstandaras. COMMENT 01.09.2016

[http://www.ekathimerini.com/211681/opinion/ekathimerini/comment/the-seduction-of-selective-justice]

[13]

Greek government considers introducing an “assisted suicide” bill. Thema Newsroom. Oct, 20 2017.

[http://en.protothema.gr/greek-government-considers-introducing-an-assisted-suicide-bill/]

[14]

The Unburied Heroes of the Greek – Italian War. By Philip Chrysopoulos. Oct 25, 2017

[http://greece.greekreporter.com/2017/10/25/the-unburied-heroes-of-the-greek-italian-war/]

[15]

Greece’s far left. The company he keeps. Syriza’s leader could win the next election. Oct 4th 2014

[https://www.economist.com/news/europe/21621878-syrizas-leader-could-win-next-election-company-he-keeps]

[16]

Varoufakis revelations in new book spark political firestorm. Author: Thema Newsroom. Jul, 23 2017

[http://en.protothema.gr/varoufakis-revelations-in-new-book-spark-political-firestorm/]

Yanis Varoufakis. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yanis_Varoufakis]

Syriza. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syriza]

[17]

DiEM25: the courage to imagine and to the transform the EU. By Tatiana De Barelli. Sept 11, 2017

[https://www.pressenza.com/2017/09/diem25-courage-imagine-transform-eu/]

Yanis Varoufakis: How I became an erratic Marxist. By Yanis Varoufakis. 25 May 2017

[https://www.theguardian.com/news/2015/feb/18/yanis-varoufakis-how-i-became-an-erratic-marxist]

Europe is disintegrating! By DiEM25. [https://diem25.org/]

EUROPEAN NEW DEAL. A comprehensive economic & social policy framework for Europe’s stabilisation, sustainable recovery & democratisation. By DiEM25. [https://diem25.org/]

[18]

Why we support Macron in the second round – op-ed in Le Monde (English original) and DiEM25 France in Mediapart. By Yanis Varoufakis, May 2, 2017 [https://www.yanisvaroufakis.eu/2017/05/02/why-we-support-macron-in-the-second-round-op-ed-in-le-monde-english-original-and-diem25-france-in-mediapart/]

[19]

Em. Macron, A Speech for Europe, Athens 2017 (full text in English, and video). September, 2017

[https://www.ellopos.com/blog/4471/em-macron-a-speech-for-europe-athens-2017-full-text-in-english-and-video/]

Sorbonne speech of Emmanuel Macron – Full text / English version. 26 septembre 2017

[http://international.blogs.ouest-france.fr/archive/2017/09/29/macron-sorbonne-verbatim-europe-18583.html]

Macron makes radical appeal for more powerful EU. By Anne-Sylvaine Chassany. Sept 26, 2017

[https://www.ft.com/content/37c54ebc-a2ad-11e7-9e4f-7f5e6a7c98a2]

Macron to ‘rebuild’ EU with citizen conventions. Macron in Athens: “we must have the courage to find again the path of democracy.” By Eric Maurice. Sep 8, 2017 [https://euobserver.com/political/138941]

[20]

ND Chief Mitsotakis: “Society Demands Greece to be a Normal Country.” By Philip Chrysopoulos. Oct 25, 2017

[http://greece.greekreporter.com/2017/10/25/nd-chief-mitsotakis-society-demands-greece-to-be-a-normal-country/]

The Oxi Day in included in file Comments_@_The_Net; to download, click HERE

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